Conditions for Adopting a Child

Conditions for Adopting a Child

Conditions for Adopting a Child – After going through several stages of the screening process, we are finally able to perfect the articles we have collected with data from reliable sources regarding the requirements for adopting a child.

Before adopting a child, there are several conditions that must be met. The requirements include:

  1. Physically and mentally healthy
  2. Minimum age 30 years and maximum 50 years
  3. The religion is the same as the religion of the adopted child candidate
  4. Proven to have good behavior and have never been convicted of a crime
  5. Have been married for at least 5 years
  6. Not a same-sex couple
  7. Do not or do not have children or only have one child
  8. Have a capable economic and social situation
  9. Get the child’s consent and written permission from the child’s parent or guardian
  10. Make a written statement that adoption is carried out in the best interests of the child, his welfare and protection
  11. There are social reports from local social workers
  12. Has cared for a prospective adopted child for at least 6 months after being given a custody permit
  13. Get permission from the Minister and / or the head of a social agency.

Apart from parents, prospective adopted children must also meet the existing requirements before being adopted. Several conditions that must be fulfilled by the prospective adopted child, namely:

  1. Not yet 18 years old which are divided into three priorities, where children who are not yet 6 years old are the top priority, children aged 6-12 years are adopted as long as there are sudden reasons, and children aged 12-18 years are adopted as long as the child requires special protection.
  2. Abandoned or neglected children
  3. Children are in family care or in childcare institutions
  4. Children need protection.

If the child’s origin is not known, then their religion can be adjusted to the religion of the majority of the local population. After you and your prospective adopted child have met all of these requirements, then you can follow the procedures set by the government for adopting a child.

Also Read: International Adoption of US Parents is Decreasing

How to adopt a child

The steps that must be taken in adopting a child, namely submitting an application to the regional court where the prospective child is. Social service officers will visit your home with your spouse to evaluate the economic, social, psychological and financial conditions. If deemed appropriate, you and your partner will get permission based on the Temporary Custody Permit to bring the prospective adopted child to live together for 6-12 months. Parents and prospective children will also be supervised and guided by Social Service Officers during that time. Furthermore, you and your partner as prospective parents will undergo a child adoption trial with at least two witnesses who know and understand your condition. Then, a decision will be determined whether the child adoption application you submitted is approved or rejected. If the application is approved, a legally binding decision will be issued from the court to be registered in the civil registry. However, if the application is rejected, then the child will be returned to the social institution where he came from. The process of adopting a child through the official channel does not require a fee, but the whole process is quite long, up to approximately two years. However, the legal status that is pocketed will certainly guarantee the safety of both the child and the family. It should be noted that a person can adopt a child at most two times, with a minimum interval of two years. If you are going to adopt twins, then adoption can be done at the same time with the twins. Adoption by a single parent is allowed, but can only be done after obtaining permission from the Minister. Permission granting will be delegated to the head of the social agency in the province. In order to get clearer and more complete information regarding child adoption, it is better if you visit the nearest social agency information service center. Discuss various things about the requirements and the series of child adoption processes with the existing officers.

International Adoption of US Parents is Decreasing

International Adoption of US Parents is Decreasing

International Adoption of US Parents is Decreasing – After going through several stages of the screening process, we are finally able to enhance the article we have collected with data from reliable sources that discuss the decline in the percentage of international adoption of US parents.

The US State Department said the number of foreign children adopted by US parents fell by more than 12 percent, last year.

The State Department report, released Friday (24/3) and includes data from the 2017 fiscal year, attributed the decline in adoption to changes in two countries: China and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The report says the countries are making legal changes that make it more difficult for international adoption.

The report shows 4,714 adoptions from abroad in fiscal 2017, down from 5,372 in 2016 and almost 80 percent below a high of 22,884 in 2004.

The report said China still made up the largest number of origins of adopted children internationally, 1,905 although it was down nearly 15 percent from 2016.

Also Read:African Adoption Rates are Increasing

China changed its domestic laws related to governance of nongovernmental organizations, and although those changes were not specifically targeted at adoption, the laws negatively affected adoption agencies, the report said.

The State Department says 98 percent of interstate adoptions from China involve children with special needs. The State Department said that US officials had spoken with their Chinese counterparts to try to resolve the issue.

Adoption in Congo fell from 359 in 2016 to just four in 2017 as the Congolese government stopped international adoption over fraud fears.

There were no adoptions from Russia for the third year in a row after Russia imposed a US adoption ban that took effect in 2014.

US parents adopted children from 42 countries in 2017. After China, the largest number of adopted children came from Ethiopia, followed by South Korea, Haiti, India, Ukraine, Colombia and Nigeria.

African Adoption Rates are Increasing

African Adoption Rates are Increasing – In Africa there are many children who are neglected, either because of the shortage that occurs in the country to because people love the uniqueness of these African children.
One report said the number of African children adopted by foreign nationals from other continents has increased dramatically.

Based on the findings of the African Children’s Policy Forum (ACPF) in the last eight years, international adoption has risen by nearly 400%.

“Africa is now a new frontier for adoption between countries,” said the group based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

But many African countries do not have strict regulations to protect adopted children.

The majority of orphans adopted from Africa have at least one living parent and many of them have been sold by their own parents, the group said.

More than 41,000 African children have been adopted and taken out of their home countries since 2004, says the ACPF report.

More than two-thirds of that number in 2009 and 2010 were adopted from Ethiopia, which is now one of the countries with the highest number of adopters apart from China.
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“The interests of children are threatened when they are adopted between countries and adoption can become a large, lucrative industry with children as a commodity,” said the Africa Children’s Policy Forum report.

The group’s director, David Mugawe, said adoption in some parts of Africa had become a business.

“There is an element where adoption is now commercial. And this is a lucrative industry for some orphanages, and they are promoting adoption just to support the orphanage,” Mugawe told the BBC.

He said large sums of money were sometimes paid to prospective parents.

“There is a woman who works with the US Embassy in Uganda and she cites figures between $ 10,000 and $ 30,000,” Mugawe said.

Also Read :What Do You Know About Father’s Rights In Adoption At S.C

According to the ACPF, Ethiopia has more than 70 adoption agencies, including 15 that only refer children to families in the United States.

Most of the African children go to the US. In 2010 alone, more than 11,000 children from 100 countries were adopted by American parents.

International adoption is also popular in Nigeria, Congo, South Africa, Mali, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Morocco, Uganda and Burkina Faso.

People who want to adopt children are now turning to Africa because of changing patterns and laws in other countries that have resulted in a reduced number of children who can be adopted.

Countries such as China, South Korea, Guetamala, Russia, Romania and Ukraine have tightened their eligibility regulations for prospective foster parents and closed or restricted adoptions from abroad.

A Mother Finds 2 Biologically Relative Young Adopted Children

A-Mother-Finds-2-Biologically-Relative-Young-Adopted-Children

A Mother Finds 2 Biologically Relative Young Adopted Children – Grayson, 2, and Hannah, 1, are siblings by adoption, but after a long journey to unravel the mystery of their birth, their Colorado mother discovers that they are siblings too. She explained growing up in Alabama, she always imagined herself being a mother. But when she had trouble conceiving during her marriage, then going through a divorce in her early 30s, she decided to become a foster parent.

Her application was finalized on Mother’s Day 2016, and she opened her doors to several short-term placements.

When her caseworker asked if she was interested in fostering to adopt a baby boy born with drug exposure, she made a quick decision to pick him up from the hospital just hours later.

“I fell in love the moment I saw him and held him in my arms,” she explained. “Welcoming a brand new baby boy into my home with less than a day’s notice was scary but the best I have ever chosen.”

She said she was told by adoption workers that the boy’s birth mom left the hospital shortly after giving birth and left false information behind so she could never be found.

Page named the newborn Grayson, and finalized his adoption on May 25, 2017.

“He is beautiful inside and out,” Page said. “He attracts people to him everywhere we go with his sweet smile and calm nature.”

She took a break from fostering for several months as she and Grayson adjusted to their new life together, but when a caseworker called her once again out of the blue months later with another newborn, Page felt a strange calling to agree to take on another baby.

The days-old girl, named Hannah, was born in the same hospital as Grayson, with the same drug exposure and medical complications. Even though the listed name for Grayson’s biological mother didn’t lead to anyone, the name listed for the baby girl was the same, as was the mother’s date of birth.

“I started having strong suspicions that Grayson had siblings the day I accepted the baby girl into my home,” she explained. “I knew something was special about this little girl and that she might be a link to his family that we thought we would never know when I adopted him less than two weeks before.”

Hannah’s mother was interested in visits, and while Page held back information about her son Grayson, an initial conversation with the birth mother seemed to fill in additional pieces of the puzzle.

A DNA test done between Grayson and Hannah ultimately revealed the pair are biologically siblings.

“I was devastated for Grayson that he had just been left at the hospital with no information about his family and who he was,” Page said. “To have this little girl help us unravel huge pieces of the puzzle about his life and change his story forever was a huge blessing.”

She said it was even more special that they were placed in the same home, as she understands the significance of understanding one’s birth story.

“The love between them is amazing and they deserved to stay together,” Page said. “I felt God clearly brought them together for a reason despite all the odds that could have kept them apart forever.”

Page is now preparing to adopt their 5-month-old younger sibling this year.

The Countless Rewards of Adopting a Child

The-Countless-Rewards-of-Adopting-a-Child

The Countless Rewards of Adopting a Child – Having a new child come in to your family is one of the greatest events in life. Regardless how it happens, it is wonderfully fulfilling and also challenging. Usually however, a new family member is not financially rewarding. Kids are just expensive. However, for parents who adopt, there may be an even brighter silver lining to adding a new family member, and it starts with your tax return. There are some very lucrative tax benefits, tax credits and other financial benefits which may be available to adoptive parents under the individual income tax return rules.

Last year I had a client with a special situation where they adopted three siblings all at once. Bang, instant family. They were very happy with their new family and also surprised to find out that not only were they rewarded with three wonderful new family members, but they also instantly qualified for well over thirty thousand dollars in totally refundable adoption tax credits.

While the adoption credit is no longer refundable, you may still be eligible for a credit of up to $12,970 if you’ve adopted or are planning to adopt a child this year. Yes, you read correctly, an income tax credit of over twelve thousand dollars related to adoption costs — in addition to other benefits. Also, if there is one other true statement about adoption, it is typically a very expensive undertaking. So tax credits, potentially a big one, is often very well received and deserved.

The adoption tax credit is available for adopted children who are under 18 years old and who are not the step-child of you or your spouse. The credit also applies to a child any age if they are physically or mentally incapable of caring for themselves.

Standard U.S. Adoptions

In cases other than special needs adoptions, the credit is based on qualified adoption expenses. Said another way, the credit is computed-based on the amount of adoption expenses incurred to complete the adoption — the more that is spent, the higher the amount of the tax credit. Qualified adoption expenses are defined as reasonable and necessary expenses directly related to the legal adoption of a child under 18 years old, or physically or mentally incapable of caring for himself or herself. These expenses may include:

  • Adoption fees
  • Court costs
  • Attorney fees
  • Travel expenses
  • Meals and Lodging
  • Other expenses

Taxpayers cannot claim any expenses that were reimbursed.

There are some additional limitations on who can claim the adoption credit and how much credit they qualify for. Specifically, there is a taxpayer income limit, as with many credits, that limits or eliminates the credit for high income taxpayers. The full Adoption Credit is available for taxpayers with an income of up to $194,580. If your income is between $194,580 and $234,580, you may qualify for a reduced amount of credit. If your income is greater than $234,580 you will not be eligible for the credit. Because the credit is nonrefundable, you may only use the amount of credit necessary to reduce your income tax liability to zero. If your tax liability is less than your credit, you may carry over the remaining credit each year for up to five years or until you use it up. Most taxpayers who qualify for the credit eventually get to take it all over that six-year period, including the first qualification year and five carryover years.

For a domestic adoption, you can claim the credit the year after the expenses are paid, or the year the adoption is final, whichever comes first. For international adoptions, you must wait until the adoption is final to claim the credit.

Special Needs Adoptions

Special needs children are determined by the state or local child welfare departments. Most adoptions from the U.S. foster care system are considered special needs; all children who receive adoption subsidy or adoption assistance benefits have been determined to have special needs. If you adopt a special needs child you may qualify for the full amount of the adoption credit even if few or no adoption-related expenses were paid. Said another way, for special needs adoptions, and that includes multiple family member adoptions, the adoption credit is the full $12,970 per child regardless of the amount of expenses incurred.

International Adoptions

If you are adopting internationally, the qualified expenses include the travel costs to the foreign country and lodging, food, and transportation while there. Many countries require the prospective parents to come to the country and be interviewed first then they must come back to the country for the adoption. The costs of all necessary trips to complete your adoption are eligible for the credit. You must wait until the adoption is final to claim the credit for expenses paid if you are adopting internationally.

Employer Assistance

To help taxpayers with adoption, the IRS also allows employers to offer a tax-favored employee benefit, the Employer Assistance Adoption Program. This program allows employers to pay up to $12,970 in pretax income towards an employee’s adoption expenses per child. If your employer funds any portion of your adoption expenses through this program, you will still be eligible for the credit on any expenses you incur over what your employer reimburses or pays directly.

Adopting a child is a wonderful event. It can be a more wonderful event if you get some cash back on your tax return. If you are adopting or have adopted in recent years, be sure to understand the complex tax credits and rules and get all of the tax benefits you deserve — and even go back and amend if you missed them in the last three years. The adoption process is complicated but once completed is very rewarding. The tax rules can be viewed the same: very complicated but at the end of the day with tax credits and possibly employer assistance, can be very financially rewarding.

Adopting A Child I Never Thought Of Before

Adopting-A-Child-I-Never-Thought-Of-Before

Adopting A Child I Never Thought Of Before – When I was in my 20s, I had a friend who had just found out he was adopted, and he was very angry. I remember thinking that it was nice of his parent to tell him. Some people don’t tell their kids that they were adopted. Some people never find out they were adopted. I suggested to him he should give his parents a chance and talk about his birth parents. When I thought about what he was going through, I thought that I would have liked to know if I had been adopted, and I would probably want to know my birth parents.

When my toddler was adopted, I thought from the other side. I was the one that was giving up my parental rights to another family. I was hopeful. I thought it was a good thing for my family (myself and my two children).

Prior to having to be in that situation, I remember thinking to myself I couldn’t imagine how anyone could give their child up for adoption, especially after my first child was born who was by then a teen. I couldn’t imagine how someone could go through pregnancy and birth and just give their child away. So that was my pre-conceived notion at the time.

But when I think about when it happened to meI was just hopeful that I was making the best decision possible. I didn’t really make the decision, it was made for me by Children’s Aid society but in some ways it felt like my decision to let them go to give them a better life.

The adoption was a result of child welfare getting involved.
When my kids were apprehended, I was devastated. It felt like my heart was being ripped from my chest. I remember talking to the worker and begging for my kids to be placed together. I think when kids are placed into the foster care system it’s very hard, it’s better for them to be placed together. Because when you’re taking the kids from the family that’s already a split, and then splitting the kids again is hard. From the children’s side, that would be 3 times as hard. I just lost my children, but they are losing their family. I was lucky that they went to the same home.

Reflecting on it, I believe that what my kids went through was much harder than what I went through. I know it’s hard for children’s aid to keep kids together, but I think that’s important.

Before the adoption, when they were in foster care, having a relationship with them was very hard. With my teen it was easier because she could communicate. I remember one time when both my girls came in and my toddler (then 2) had had her hair done and she said, “Mommy did it” (she was talking about the foster mom at the time). I felt like I was stabbed. It tore me. That was really hard.

At the time I didn’t really think about it but I think my oldest had the hardest time of all of it. She lost her mom, she became a surrogate mother to her sister. She probably felt a big responsibility on her shoulders. These were things I didn’t think about at the time, I was just more thinking about me.

Obviously, I appreciated every moment spent with them but every time I had to leave, and they didn’t come home with me it was hard.
The CAS was fabulous. They were very generous with me. They gave me a lot of chances. They were rooting for me. I think they gave me a little over two years to get my s**t together. But at the end of two years, I was still using.

They told me that my toddler would be adopted. But it wasn’t until I was actually in the courtroom, and the judge was telling me that it felt real. I don’t remember the wording; I just remember crying through the whole thing. I remember being very respectful, saying ‘yes your honour’ and answering any questions the judge had.

I was using at the time so don’t have a lot of memories of that time. I was shell shocked, it was almost like PTSD, from the point of my kids leaving the house. I remember them walking down the hall and knowing that they were leaving. From then to being told by the judge that I was giving up my rights as a parent, I was just trying to get through each day.

At the time, my best friend had a child of the same age.

We were pregnant at the same time. She gave birth in June and I did in August. She was going through the same thing, she lost her child as well. I don’t like saying I lost my kids because I am responsible for what happened. I didn’t lose my kids, I was the catalyst for them leaving. Children’s Aid didn’t do it because of them, they did it because of me. I am responsible for their actions.

My friend’s adoption was a closed adoption and the last day she saw he daughter, was the last day she saw her daughter. She didn’t know where her daughter went, or to which family. The family that adopted my toddler kept a connection. I met the mom of her adopted family, she told me I could send cards, she told me she would send pictures.

For my friend it was almost like a death, she mourned her child. I was lucky because I got to keep a connection. I think having the connection is important, it’s important for the parents and the kids.

The only thing that made me uncomfortable was I was watching my youngest grow up and it was without her permission. I felt I was invading her privacy as a person, maybe she doesn’t want that connection. I think I got the best of the deal because I was able to watch her grow up.

To me, I don’t consider my teen to be adopted. I got lucky because the adopted parents also took my teen daughter in but I was able to keep seeing and visiting with her. But I didn’t see her as being adopted, I just saw her as being fostered and she was still my daughter she was just living with another family. *