Conditions for Adopting a Child

Conditions for Adopting a Child

Conditions for Adopting a Child – After going through several stages of the screening process, we are finally able to perfect the articles we have collected with data from reliable sources regarding the requirements for adopting a child.

Before adopting a child, there are several conditions that must be met. The requirements include:

  1. Physically and mentally healthy
  2. Minimum age 30 years and maximum 50 years
  3. The religion is the same as the religion of the adopted child candidate
  4. Proven to have good behavior and have never been convicted of a crime
  5. Have been married for at least 5 years
  6. Not a same-sex couple
  7. Do not or do not have children or only have one child
  8. Have a capable economic and social situation
  9. Get the child’s consent and written permission from the child’s parent or guardian
  10. Make a written statement that adoption is carried out in the best interests of the child, his welfare and protection
  11. There are social reports from local social workers
  12. Has cared for a prospective adopted child for at least 6 months after being given a custody permit
  13. Get permission from the Minister and / or the head of a social agency.

Apart from parents, prospective adopted children must also meet the existing requirements before being adopted. Several conditions that must be fulfilled by the prospective adopted child, namely:

  1. Not yet 18 years old which are divided into three priorities, where children who are not yet 6 years old are the top priority, children aged 6-12 years are adopted as long as there are sudden reasons, and children aged 12-18 years are adopted as long as the child requires special protection.
  2. Abandoned or neglected children
  3. Children are in family care or in childcare institutions
  4. Children need protection.

If the child’s origin is not known, then their religion can be adjusted to the religion of the majority of the local population. After you and your prospective adopted child have met all of these requirements, then you can follow the procedures set by the government for adopting a child.

Also Read: International Adoption of US Parents is Decreasing

How to adopt a child

The steps that must be taken in adopting a child, namely submitting an application to the regional court where the prospective child is. Social service officers will visit your home with your spouse to evaluate the economic, social, psychological and financial conditions. If deemed appropriate, you and your partner will get permission based on the Temporary Custody Permit to bring the prospective adopted child to live together for 6-12 months. Parents and prospective children will also be supervised and guided by Social Service Officers during that time. Furthermore, you and your partner as prospective parents will undergo a child adoption trial with at least two witnesses who know and understand your condition. Then, a decision will be determined whether the child adoption application you submitted is approved or rejected. If the application is approved, a legally binding decision will be issued from the court to be registered in the civil registry. However, if the application is rejected, then the child will be returned to the social institution where he came from. The process of adopting a child through the official channel does not require a fee, but the whole process is quite long, up to approximately two years. However, the legal status that is pocketed will certainly guarantee the safety of both the child and the family. It should be noted that a person can adopt a child at most two times, with a minimum interval of two years. If you are going to adopt twins, then adoption can be done at the same time with the twins. Adoption by a single parent is allowed, but can only be done after obtaining permission from the Minister. Permission granting will be delegated to the head of the social agency in the province. In order to get clearer and more complete information regarding child adoption, it is better if you visit the nearest social agency information service center. Discuss various things about the requirements and the series of child adoption processes with the existing officers.

International Adoption of US Parents is Decreasing

International Adoption of US Parents is Decreasing

International Adoption of US Parents is Decreasing – After going through several stages of the screening process, we are finally able to enhance the article we have collected with data from reliable sources that discuss the decline in the percentage of international adoption of US parents.

The US State Department said the number of foreign children adopted by US parents fell by more than 12 percent, last year.

The State Department report, released Friday (24/3) and includes data from the 2017 fiscal year, attributed the decline in adoption to changes in two countries: China and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The report says the countries are making legal changes that make it more difficult for international adoption.

The report shows 4,714 adoptions from abroad in fiscal 2017, down from 5,372 in 2016 and almost 80 percent below a high of 22,884 in 2004.

The report said China still made up the largest number of origins of adopted children internationally, 1,905 although it was down nearly 15 percent from 2016.

Also Read:African Adoption Rates are Increasing

China changed its domestic laws related to governance of nongovernmental organizations, and although those changes were not specifically targeted at adoption, the laws negatively affected adoption agencies, the report said.

The State Department says 98 percent of interstate adoptions from China involve children with special needs. The State Department said that US officials had spoken with their Chinese counterparts to try to resolve the issue.

Adoption in Congo fell from 359 in 2016 to just four in 2017 as the Congolese government stopped international adoption over fraud fears.

There were no adoptions from Russia for the third year in a row after Russia imposed a US adoption ban that took effect in 2014.

US parents adopted children from 42 countries in 2017. After China, the largest number of adopted children came from Ethiopia, followed by South Korea, Haiti, India, Ukraine, Colombia and Nigeria.

African Adoption Rates are Increasing

African Adoption Rates are Increasing – In Africa there are many children who are neglected, either because of the shortage that occurs in the country to because people love the uniqueness of these African children.
One report said the number of African children adopted by foreign nationals from other continents has increased dramatically.

Based on the findings of the African Children’s Policy Forum (ACPF) in the last eight years, international adoption has risen by nearly 400%.

“Africa is now a new frontier for adoption between countries,” said the group based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

But many African countries do not have strict regulations to protect adopted children.

The majority of orphans adopted from Africa have at least one living parent and many of them have been sold by their own parents, the group said.

More than 41,000 African children have been adopted and taken out of their home countries since 2004, says the ACPF report.

More than two-thirds of that number in 2009 and 2010 were adopted from Ethiopia, which is now one of the countries with the highest number of adopters apart from China.
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“The interests of children are threatened when they are adopted between countries and adoption can become a large, lucrative industry with children as a commodity,” said the Africa Children’s Policy Forum report.

The group’s director, David Mugawe, said adoption in some parts of Africa had become a business.

“There is an element where adoption is now commercial. And this is a lucrative industry for some orphanages, and they are promoting adoption just to support the orphanage,” Mugawe told the BBC.

He said large sums of money were sometimes paid to prospective parents.

“There is a woman who works with the US Embassy in Uganda and she cites figures between $ 10,000 and $ 30,000,” Mugawe said.

Also Read :What Do You Know About Father’s Rights In Adoption At S.C

According to the ACPF, Ethiopia has more than 70 adoption agencies, including 15 that only refer children to families in the United States.

Most of the African children go to the US. In 2010 alone, more than 11,000 children from 100 countries were adopted by American parents.

International adoption is also popular in Nigeria, Congo, South Africa, Mali, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Morocco, Uganda and Burkina Faso.

People who want to adopt children are now turning to Africa because of changing patterns and laws in other countries that have resulted in a reduced number of children who can be adopted.

Countries such as China, South Korea, Guetamala, Russia, Romania and Ukraine have tightened their eligibility regulations for prospective foster parents and closed or restricted adoptions from abroad.